Moles

Moles are one of the highest risk factors of melanoma, especially if you have lots of moles your risk is alot higher then that of someone who has next to no moles.

Atypical moles (dysplastic nevi) 

  • Irregular size
  • Larger than average
  • Irregular borders
  • Surface may be bumpy or smooth
  • Could resemble a fried egg – being darker in the middle.

http://www.Aimmelanoma.org states:

  • Individuals with dysplastic nevi and no personal and family history of melanoma have a risk 7 to 27 times greater of developing melanoma.
  • The risk of melanoma increases significantly if there is a personal or family history of melanoma.

When you visit your GP with an atypical mole the DR will rate it from mild, moderate and severe. They are more than likely to remove all severe atypical moles, but as most atypical moles do not end up turning into melanoma, your GP may take the wait and watch approach.

TOP TIP:

Keep a close eye on your moles. Any change in shape or itching you should get them checked out!

Congenital Nevi

You can get these type of moles at birth or they can appear in the early stages of your life. They are pretty uncommon and occur in about 1% – 2% of all new borns!

 

The bigger the congenital nevi the more at risk you are of it turning into melanoma:

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Figure 1
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Figure 2

Above is a couple of photos of congential nevi. Have you got anything similar to this?

So another risk that I’ve already mentioned is if you have a lot of moles. By lots of moles I mean 50 or more small, normal moles or 5 or more normal moles of at least 5 mm in diameter.
This just means the more moles you have the more chance there is of at least one of them turning into melanoma.  Remember the top tip! Keep a regular check on all of them.
One last thing that if you have a lot of moles it may mean that you have something called Dysplastic Nevus Syndrome (DNS). Sometimes known as ANS (Atypical nevus syndrome). This is when a person develops more moles then the average human. You may aquire this syndrome or it could be inherited.
If you acquire it means you HAVEN’T  inherited it from anyone in your family and if you’ve inherited it means someone else in your family has it also.
So is your mum particularly moley? or your uncle? or cousin? as it could be something inherited from them.
Remember my top tip! but also remember if new moles appear this could be a sign of early stages of melanoma. Don’t be worried about wasting the GP’s time with a mole enquiry, it doesn’t matter and will take 2 seconds of your time to find out whats going on.
Know your body, know your skin and be in charge of your future!
If you would like to know more information on moles and to learn about SELF EXAMINATION please click the following link:
Reference:

What is Melanoma? Why Should I Care?

So Summer is over. Adverts all about sun cream and SPF this and SPF that are all gone from our screens. Does this mean we need to stop caring about our skin in the winter sun?

NO!

Just become the Sun has disappeared or  it doesn’t feel as strong,  doesn’t mean we need to stop caring!

Have you got a mole that’s got bigger recently? Has it started to itch or change shape?

YES? Get it checked out!

Decided to take to the Sun beds, once a week? Maybe twice or three times a week??

Carry on reading..

*If you answered NO to the bottom two questions, please keep reading! If you know what to look out for in terms of skin safety and health it could save your life!*

Here are a few statistics on Melanoma:

Melanoma accounts for 1% of all skin cancer cases, but is the majority of skin cancer deaths. It often occurs most often on the skin but it can develop in the eye of lining of the nose, mouth or genitals.

  • People under 45 account for 25% of all melanoma cases.
  • Melanoma is the third most common cancer among women aged 20-39 years and the second most common cancer in men aged 20-39 years.1
  • Treatments are available for all people with melanoma.
  • Melanoma can quickly spread to other parts of the body, so it is important to detect and treat melanoma in its earliest stages.
  • When melanoma is detected and treated in its early stages, the chances for long-term, disease-free survival are excellent.
  • For localised melanoma (84% of all cases), the 5-year survival rate is approximately 97%.2

(Information from Aim Melanoma https://www.aimatmelanoma.org/melanoma-risk-factors/  18/10/2016)

Risk Factors to Melanoma:

Moles – Moles are a huge risk to melanoma. Dark brown spots on the skin usually but can range from different shades from light to dark.

Skin type – We are so different as a human race. Fairer skin types are more at risk then darker skin types due to melanin that is produced in darker skin types that protects them from the Sun’s radiation.

UV Exposure – UV rays that we cannot see that come from the Sun or tanning beds.

Personal or family history – Your risk of getting melanoma is increased if a member of your family has had it previously. 10% of people with melanoma have a family history of it.

Please don’t be scared if your family member has had it, if a mole is itching or if you like being in the Sun. This blog is here to tell you how to protect yourself from it and how to detect it early.

My plan is to talk about each of these rick factors in detail, to make you aware of what is needed to care for your skin and decrease your risk of getting melanoma.

Until next time…

If you would like to know any more information on what I have mentioned above please visit: https://www.aimatmelanoma.org/ . You’ll find out all the information you need and more!!